Role of Sewer Utilities
Water and sewer utilities are a major need for all industrial, commercial and residential households in a given area. Industrial, residential and commercial facilities require potable water for a smooth running of their activities hence a water utility system is put in place for providing this water. Waste water generated from the various premises in an area is collected in the sewer utilities where it is carried to a common place for processing or disposal. Both the pipes for water and sewer utilities run together in most regions although some sewer utilities run underground. Sewer pipes should be placed below the water pipes to prevent contamination of the potable water in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water carried in sewer utilities is taken to a common place for disposal or treatment to make it safe for disposing into the environment. The sewage usually comprises all the wastewater from all residential, commercial and industrial premises in an area. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Most areas ensure that there are two separate sewer utilities for carrying sewage water and storm water. This is because it is easier to manage sewage water and storm water separately as they contain different types and quantities of waste. Waste water one treated in a treatment plant to remove all pollutants is releases into the environment where it can be used in many ways. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The money collected ensures that the sewer utilities are maintained at all times.
Septic tanks are also a type of sewer utilities that are commonly used in areas where the area is nor connected to the municipal sewer utilities. There are various material used in making the septic tanks which include concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. The septic tanks are common in residential areas mainly for a single home where the users are few. Septic tanks have microorganisms that help in treating waste water disposed in them. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. These include reducing the amount of oil disposed as well as preventing release of harmful chemicals that are likely to kill microorganisms or destroy the septic tank. In all areas, septic tank are required to be placed underground in such a way that they do not leak or release odors. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.